LBK

G2a2a - PF3147

In process, will be updated
reconstruction of a man found in a glacier the Alps, SŁdtiroler Archšologiemuseum, Bozen; Foto Ochsenreiter.

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Tepecik-Ciftlik-tatarliziyaret

Excavations in Tepecik-«iftlik, Turkey (1)

G-PF3147 is the little twin brother of G-L30. Together they count for round 5% of the European G-PF3147 counts for about 0,5%.

The two groups split round 16.800 years ago in the Fertile Crescent where these G men developed the Neolithic agrarian culture.

The oldest archaelogic find of G-PF3147 (as PF3259) comes from Tepecik-«iftlik, Cappadocia, Central Anatolia, between 10.300 and 7,800 calibrated (cal) YBP.
Note that is halfway the origin and now. (2)

Hasan dagi

Mount Hasan where the G-PF3147 people of Tepecik-«iftlik got their obsidian (said Ted Kandel)

In the Big Spread caused by an abrupt climate change about 8000 years ago they left the region in mixed G groups. G-L30 and a part of G-PF3147 went to west Anatolia and then further to Central Europe through the Balkans and to Western Europe. They brought with them the Early Neolithic culture where it is found with a number of consecutive cultures, Linearbandkeramik (LBK), flourishing about 7500-6500 ago in Germany and Italy, the RŲssen Culture (RSC) flourishing about 6,400-6250 years ago, Bell Beaker culture (D: Glockenbecher-Kultur) flourishing in Europe and England from between 4850 and 4140 YBP.

An other part went along the coast of the Mediterranean to Greece, Italy Southern France and to Spain and brought there the Cardial Impressive Culture. Other groups went eastwards to Iran, Azerbaijan and the Indus into Pakistan.

G-PF3147* is still found in Turkey, Greece, Britain, Germany and Bahrain and in LBK Neolithic sites in Germany and in Spain.

G remained the most common group in Central Europe till the Bronze Age around 5200 ybp, when we find ÷tzi and the many G2a's from Treilles in Aveyron, in Southern France.

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Archaeogenetics

Halberstadt in Germany

G2a2a1-PF3170 and negative for subgroups is found in an ancient skeleton dated about 7000 years old, in a man buried in Halberstadt, Germany.

Halberstadt_7000_jaar
Ergoldingen in Germany

In an early medieval grave in Ergoldingen in Bavaria (Germany), dated round 670 AD, six men were buried together. Apparent from the dual DYS19 value was definitely at least one of them G2a2a-PF3147. They were buried with their swords, spears, and shields, so they were probably knights.

  Marker    393    19   391   385a   385b   426   388   439   389 I   392   389 II   458   459a   459b   447   437   448   449  GATA
H4
 438 
  DYS value warrior 1   14  14-15        11 13 11 12 11 29 16 9 9 23 16       10
  DYS value warrior 2   13   10 15 15 11 12   12 11 29 19 9 9     22 27 12 11

The markers of the 7th century Bavarian cavalrymen. (3)

G2a2_migrations

Possible Migrations of G2a2a and G2a2b.

Europe-diffusion-farming-Eupedia_europe_ G.G2a

Diffusion of farming through Europa.

The Hesbaye is the round area beneath Holland, tinted in the color of 5800 - 5300 years BCE, so 7.800 - 7.200 years before now.

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G2a2a – PF3147

Tree survey

G-PF3147_tree

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G2a2a – PF3147

The age of this group is 16,000 years old.

He divides into two

splitsing in tweeŽn
in process, will be updated
G2a2a1 - PF3148

Formed 12,700 ybp.

He divides into two subgroups:

PF3177

Formed 11,500 ybp.

pijl

He divides into four subgroups:
Following below

FGC34451

Divides into two subgroups.

splitsing
FGC34387

Khan, Pakistan

FGC35174

Roberts, Wales

G2a2a2 - Z365207

Formed 12,700 ybp.

Consist of Serbs

Divides into two subgroups.

splitsing
B376

Uzbek Jews

Z36522

French

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G2a2a1a - PF3177

The age of this group is estimated to be 11,500 years old.

He divides into four subgroups:
round 11.000 years before present

1.
G2a2a1a1
FGC6669

One FGC6669*
is an Sardinian.

From this sprouted:
See below:
FGC6663

2.
  G2a2a1a2
L91+

This divides into
three subgroups:


See below:
L91

3.
G2a2a1a3
FGC34625

A prehistoric find
is in Portugal.

Nowadays in Georgia
and in England. TMRCA English is 400 years bp.

.
4.
G2a2a1a4
PF3222

Iranians

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G - FGC6663

This group is formed about 10,300 years before present..

One known FGC6663* is an Saudi Arabian.

This clade branched 7.800 years ago into two subgroups:

M286   and   FGC6634/Y14935.

(This whole clade is described on page:
family clade
)

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G2a2a1a2-L91+

This clade arose about 11,000 years ago. In Greece archaelogic finds are in Kleitos dated 6,100 ybp and in Bulgaria 4,759 ybp.

L91 clades spread round the Mediterranean region into North Africa, Egypt (now 4%), Libya, Tunisia, the Northern Berbers of Morocco, the Royal family of Morocco, the AlouÔ, assumed to be descended from Ali ibn Talib, who was the son-in-law and nephew of the prophet Mohammed. Several sultanates, including the current sultans of Perlis in Malaysia, are branches of this lineage. These clade is now also found among the Bakhthiari nomads of Iran and, in Northern India, an Uyghur from China, in Czechia it is 3%. Some in the Netherlands, Germany and in Alsace-Lorraine,

He divides into three subgroups: a - b - c.

a

FGC7739
pijl

follows below

b

Z42562

Divides in two
TMRCA 7000 ybp.

pijl
PH97

Iran

pijl
Z42554

Europe

c

CTS2080

South Tirol
Austria
Denmark

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PF7739
Z6488, PF3237

Archaeological found in three individuals in Barcin Turkey, 8,300 ybp,
one find Bulgaria from 7.900 ybp, one in a find in Croatia from 4.700 ybp
and one in a Bell Beaker individual in Hungary from 3,700 ybp);
Today in an Iranians.

divides in two

PF3239
pijl

follows below

FGC2315

Formed 8.800 ybp

Archaeological finds from 8,300 BP in Barcin, Turkey
Now in Germany, Sardinia, Tunisia, France, Georgia.

Divides in two

Z6773
FGC2218

PF3239, Z6490

Sardinians

divides in two

L166

Formed 7.000 ybp, brought Europe probably the Bell Beaker culture.
Now in Bulgaria, Germany, Greece , on Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica.
and in the Pundjab of Pakistan.

follows below

Z6802

Sardinians

follows

FGC5672

÷tzi

FGC3547

divides in two

pijl
Z6183

from him
Z6186

pijl
PF3144

from him
Z6819 · Z6190 · Z6038 · PF6836

FGC5674

Formed 6,200 ybp, Italy, Germany, Czech rep., Sardinians, Germans,
Punjabis (descendants of soldiers of Alexandros the Great of Macedonia?) with a TMRCA 5000 ybp.

divides in two

pijl
Z2611

Formed 5000 ybp,
Sardinians, Germans.

from him
FGC5710

pijl
Z6208

Sardinians

from him
Z31438  and  Z6179

Punjabis.

FGC3547

divides in two

pijl
Z6183

from him
Z6186

pijl
PF3144

from him
Z6819 · Z6190 · Z6038 · PF6836

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On this site treated G - Subgroups
All
Haplogroups
G
M201
G2a2a1a1
FGC6669
G2a2a1a1b
FGC6618
G2a2a1a1b1
FGC6634 (Dutch)

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Auteur: Boed Marres, Amsterdam,

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